Johan Berthold Jongkind Original Etching Windmills in Rotterdam Holland 1868 Ed.

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Moulins en Hollande (Windmills in Holland) is an original etching printed in 1868 from the original copperplate etched by well known Dutch artist Johan Berthold Jongkind (1819-1891).

This is the Etching and Etchers edition published by MacMillan & Co. of London in 1868. The etching was created by Jongkind in 1867, and this may be its first printing. The etching is also known by the title Near Rotterdam. It is signed and dated in the plate but not hand signed.

Philip Hamerton, who wrote and edited the etching book in which the print appeared, considered Jongkind to be a major artist calling him “one of the most genuine artists now living.” Unlike most of his contemporaries who etched realistic, detailed landscapes and portraits, Jongkind had a quicker, sketchy style that placed him as a forerunner of Impressionism.

Although he was born in Holland, Jongkind spent most of his artistic career in France where he associated with artists of the Barbizon School as well as Impressionists like Claude Monet who reportedly referred to Jongkind as the "master."

References for this work in addition to the listing in Hamerton’s Etching and Etchers, are the Loys Delteil catalog which lists the etching as No. 14, and the 1903 Catalogue of Prints edited by Martin Hardie. This print is also in the Princeton University Art Museum collection and can be seen on their website.

Hamerton was impeccable in his selection of original plates and the printing of the etchings that were included in his publications. He made sure that they were as good as they could possibly be. This was the first and only time that the Jongkind work was printed in Hamerton's series of etching books.

Moulins en Hollande is a strong, impression printed in black ink on a sheet of natural Hallines laid paper handmade in France. The sheet measures 6-7/8 x 10-1/8 inches. The image size is 5-3/8x 7-3/8 inches.

The print is in Very Good condition with only some light age toning at the outer edges of the margins. it is without foxing, tears, or creases.

Placed in a cream collector's mat/folder using archival materials Blank on the back, not laid down.

Moulins en Hollande is strikingly different from others etchings done during the late 1800s. This simple scene of boats on a canal with windmills in the background is alive and energetic. It has a very contemporary feel.

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A bookseller's son, Johan Berthold Jongkind was a Dutch painter and printmaker regarded as a forerunner of Impressionism who influenced Claude Monet. He was born in the town of Lattrop in the Overijssel province of the Netherlands near the border with Germany. He studied at the art academy in The Hague.

in 1846 Jongkind moved to the Montmartre quarter of Paris, France where he studied under Eugène Isabey and Francois-Edouard Picot. Two years later, the Paris Salon accepted his work for its exhibition, and he received acclaim from critic Charles Baudelaire and later on from Emile Zola.

Jongkind was to experience little success, however, and he suffered bouts of depression complicated by alcoholism. He returned to live in Rotterdam in 1855, and remained there until 1860. Back in Paris, in 1861 he rented a studio on the rue de Chevreuse in Montparnasse where some of his paintings began to show glimpses of the Impressionist style to come. In 1862 he befriended the young Claude Monet who later referred to Jongkind as the "master." The following year Jongkind exhibited at the first Salon des Refusés. Despite several successes, in another of his down periods the Impressionist group did not accept his work for their first exhibition in 1874. In 1878 with his companion Joséphine Fesser, Jongkind moved to live in the small town of La Côte-Saint-André near Grenoble in the Isère département in the southeast of France where he died in 1891. He is buried there in the local cemetery.

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